1.那是个正规宴会，我照妈妈对我讲的那样穿着礼服去了。（formal）As it was a formal dinner party,I wore formal dress,as Mother told me to.
2.他的女友劝他趁抽烟的坏习惯尚未根深蒂固之前把它改掉。(take hold)His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took hold.
3.他们预料到下几个月点的需求量很大，决定增加生产。(anticipate)Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months,they have decided to increase its production.
It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules./Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules.
It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage./The local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage.
Susan lost her legs because of/in a car accident.For a time,she
didn’t know how to face up to the fact that she would never(be able to)walk again.
One day,while scanning(through)some magazines,a true story
caught her eye/she was attracted by a true story.It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer.Greatly inspired,Susan began to feel that she,too,would finally be able to lead a useful life.
As is predicted by scientists,global pollution has become one of the most serious problems humans are faced with.
Competition for these jobs is very tough–we have five times as many applicants this year as we did last year/there are five times as many applicants this year as there were last year.
As the facts show,educational programs need to fit into the national plan for economic development.
4.这辆汽车太费油（burn too much gas），而且价钱几乎是我想付的两倍。（moreover）
The car burns too much gas,and moreover,the price is almost twice as much as I intend to pay.
To understand a great international event,we,first of all,need to consider the historical and political background to it.
很难想象我们的先辈们（forefathers）没有现代技术带来的这么多方便（conveniences）,那日子是怎么过的，那个时候只有一小部分人享受一些舒适条件（comforts）。大部分人连饭都吃不饱，更不要说（not to speak of）接受教育的特权了。然而，许多人责怪现代技术，说它带来了很多问题。他们想减慢进步的速度。但是谁也不能阻止时代的前进。
It is hard to imagine how our forefathers could do without so many conveniences that modern technology has brought about.Back then only a small proportion of the population enjoyed the comforts of life.The majority didn’t even have sufficient food,not to speak of/let alone the privilege of being educated.However,many people blame modern technology for creating so many problems.They want to slow down the rate of progress.But no one can put the clock back.
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